PS093: Analogous Philosophy & Theology

This Farmington Institute paper outlines the nature and importance of analogy in philosophy and theology as seen in the writings of Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas and Ludwig Wittgenstein. This will be done with reference to a number of perennial philosophical problems, namely the problems of the “one and the many”, “identity and difference” and the “unity of the sciences”. In doing so, it will attempt to illustrate why the aforementioned thinkers provide a more successful and prudent framework for answering these problems, academically and experientially, than those of popular alternatives. The latter being, to use two well-known contemporary approaches, positivism and […]

PS092: Thinking Well

George Orwell said:  ‘In a time of universal deceit telling the truth is a revolutionary act’. So how do you find the truth in a post-truth world?  What is a fact? What makes a sound argument? Aristotle is commonly and justly regarded as the founder of logic, which is the study of the principles of correct reasoning.  Logic is the methodology of philosophy and can be applied to any subject area at all, because logic is topic neutral. When we are told something that is shocking, unbelievable or unpleasant we naturally ask, ‘Why do you think that?’ or ‘How do […]